Bikini is an atoll in the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. The land area consists of 36 islets with a combined area of about 2 square miles on a reef that is 25 miles long. Bikini Atoll is one of two sites in the northern Marshall Islands used by the United States for testing of atmospheric nuclear weapons.
The atoll was used for peacetime atomic explosions conducted for experimental purposes by the United States between and Lying north of the Equator, Bikini is miles km northwest of Kwajalein and miles km east of Enewetak Atoll. It consists of a ring of about 20 small coral islands whose average elevation is only some 7 feet 2.
The atoll of Bikini, a necklace of 23 islands with sandy beaches and swaying palms that surround a tranquil, blue-green lagoon, presents a startling paradox for the nuclear age. How does a small coral atoll in the middle of the Pacific, which was once rocked violently by 23 atomic- and hydrogen-bomb blasts in the s and s, manage to appear so beautiful and abundant with nature's bounty just a half-century later? The remarkable legacy of these islands and their people began just after the second world war, in Decemberwhen US President Harry S Truman issued a directive to army and navy officials that joint testing of nuclear weapons would be necessary "to determine the effect of atomic bombs on American warships".
The atoll's inhabitants were relocated inafter which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until Three families were resettled on Bikini island intotaling about residents. But scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium in well water in Mayand the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium in their bodies.
Sample section taken from the book, For the Good of Mankind. By Jack Niedenthal Email: bikinijack gmail. Bikini Atoll has been included on the list for the role that tests of atomic weapons at Bikini played in shaping global culture in the second half of the 20th Century.
If you were to make a list of top 10 scuba dives for history buffs, this one would just have to be near the top. Far off in the Pacific Ocean, feet below the surface, sit a dozen radioactive warships. The fleet includes the aircraft carrier U.
The people of Bikini Atoll were moved from their homeland in to make way for the testing of 23 nuclear weapons by the United States government, beginning with the world's fourth atomic detonation. The subsequent half-century exodus of the Bikini people included a 2-y stay on Rongerik Atoll, where near starvation resulted, and a 6-mo sojourn on Kwajalein Atoll, where they lived in tents beside a runway used by the U. Inthey were finally relocated to Kili, a small, isolated, acre island owned by the U.
The nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll program was a series of 23 nuclear weapons detonated by the United States between and at seven test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States was engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until The second was Baker and was suspended under a barge.
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Holly M. Nearly 20 years ago, the underwater world of SpongeBob and his quirky, colorful friends debuted as a cartoon. The cultural icon is now a Broadway musical, up for 12 Tony awards. My follow-up question, however, was met with silence: I asked students what they could tell me about the real Bikini Bottom.